There was no end of all the people over whom he was made king; premise, this thought brought the familiar conclusion to the Preacher: Surely this also is vanity and grasping for the wind, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . (13-16) The vanity of fame and its short life. “In an Egyptian work, The Man Who Was Tired of Life , written between 2300 and 2100 BC, a man disputed with his soul whether life was worth living or whether suicide was the only logical act. Like, , they fold their hands and do nothing – and so waste away. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Being thus hardly used, men are tempted to hate and despise life. “For if a man act uprightly and properly in the world, he soon becomes the object of his neighbour’s envy and calumny too. : When two work and live together, they can bring security and safety to each other. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The Uselessness of Selfish Toil - Then I returned and considered all the oppression that is done under the sun: And look! All rights reserved. Better is a poor and wise child than an old and foolish king ( Ecclesiastes 4:8-13), Look to those little kids. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary: In Ecclesiastes 4 and 5 the Preacher wants to talk to us about the following subjects: Oppression; Work; Companionship; Wisdom; God; Riches; Enjoying life; And really – what more is there to life? 2. … Salem Media Group. Ecclesiastes 4:4. If one individual and another individual make a twofold cord, the threefold cord must have an additional element that we can infer to be God Almighty. A selfish man cares for nobody; there is none to take care of but himself, yet he will scarcely allow necessary rest to himself, and the people he employs. Better a poor and wise youth Oppression of a servant by his master (Deuteronomy 24:14). (4-6) The folly of covetousness. Now, Solomon contrasts that with someone who is too lazy to work. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. “Having looked at the poverty of the ‘loner’, whatever his outward success, we now reflect on something better; and, Because they have a good reward for their labor. help, and it is a blessing both to give and to receive help. For he comes out of prison to be king, The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Ecclesiastes 4:6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Many are so set upon the world, that in pursuit of it they bereave themselves, not only of the favour of God and eternal life, but of the pleasures of this life. They warm each other's hearts while they converse together of the love of Christ, or join in singing his praises. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. c. Yet those who come afterward will not rejoice in him: As Solomon thought of this young man who achieved much and became famous, he understood that the fame would be short-lived. If God is not placed first in every liaison that we human beings make (marriage, friendship, or church fellowship) the relationship will be short lived. We should enjoy the good things that God gives to us. If they fall, one will lift us his companion, : When two work and live together they can help each other in difficult times –, but woe to him who is alone when he falls, for he has no one to help him up. (7-8) What good is your success if you can’t pass it on? Oppression by charging high interest (Ezekiel 22:12, 29). Show content in: English Both Hebrew. The last portion of the passage refers to a threefold cord. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. : The man in Solomon’s thinking works hard and wants to gain more and more. (4-6) Success often gains the envy of one’s neighbor. f. A threefold cord is not quickly broken: The Preacher gives a fascinating final line to this section dealing with the goodness of companionship. The distant relations or strangers who inherit such a man's wealth, never thank him. Ecclesiastes is the only biblical example of this old literary tradition.” (Eaton) iii. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. A profane sentiment if severed from its connection; but just in its bearing on Solomon's scope. (9-12) the changes of royalty. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by Charles Ellicott has been an oft consulted resource by many a preacher! Ecclesiastes 1:1-11 - Vanity of the Material Creation and of Man—§ 1 Verses 7-8 Frequently, the more men have, the more they would have; and on this they are so intent, that they get no enjoyment from what they have. i. 4:1 In chapters 4-10, the Teacher says many wise things. We might have excepted that he would praise the strength of a twofold cord; instead he noted that a threefold is not quickly broken. Even if it lasted his entire lifetime (which would be rare and remarkable), it would not live on much beyond his own life. (13-16)1-3 It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. It is better to have less and be content (. ) We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. (Verse 13-16.) "The reference here is not to husband and wife, but to travelers. Poor wise child than this old foolish king. Another commentary that should be consulted by preachers is the contribution to The Preacher’s Commentary series by David Hubbard. Surely this also is vanity and grasping for the wind. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Ecclesiastes 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Verse 4. Wherever we turn, we see melancholy proofs of the wickedness and misery of mankind, who try to create trouble to themselves and to each other. Miseries from oppression. Ecc 4:7 “pointless.” See commentary on Ecclesiastes 1:2. a. (9-12) Without a friend, accomplishments are vain. The tears of the oppressed, but they have no comforter, : Solomon thought of the painful and tear-filled lives of the oppressed. The best Ecclesiastes commentaries are listed below. – the living dead, so to speak. than to be old, foolish and have great wealth and status. who will no more be admonished ( Ecclesiastes 4:13). 1. returned--namely, to the thought set forth ( Ecclesiastes 3:16, Job 35:9). Safety and security (two can withstand). American King James Version ×; Ecclesiastes 4:4 Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. Oppression of the alien, the fatherless, and the widow (Jeremiah 7:6; Ezekiel 22:7; Zechariah 7:10). Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Ecclesiastes 4:7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. The folly of covetousness. He continues to develop the same idea, noting that. To use a familiar phrase, they can “watch the back” of one another. Let us by honest industry lay hold on the handful, that we may not want necessaries, but not grasp at both hands full, which would only create vexation of spirit. JAMES M. MACDONALD THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES EXPLAINED. Oppression of people by a king (Proverbs 28:16). Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 (God-Centred Marriage) GOD-CENTRED MARRIAGE (Ecclesiastes 4:9-12): “Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their work (the investment they put into their relationship): (1) If one falls down, his friend can help him up. … no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort ( Isaiah 53:7). If two lie down together, they will keep warm; but how can one be warm alone. Better a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more. Living and working together is a great advantage to living and working alone, and adds these four things to life: If they fall, one will lift up his companion, : The Preacher gives a fascinating final line to this section dealing with the goodness of companionship. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. This list of commentaries is intended to help the reader understand and apply the author’s message in the book of Ecclesiastes. This is no new thing. This is commonly applied – and well applied – to the idea of recognizing and embracing God in the marriage relationship. They were with the second youth who stands in his place. But idleness is a sin that is its own punishment. "Two are better than one" (Ecclesiastes 4:9). He speaks of the person being destructive to himself (eateth his own flesh). With his under the sun premise, this thought brought the familiar conclusion to the Preacher: Surely this also is vanity and grasping for the wind. Chapter 4. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. 1. Hard work and success are good and not to be envied. : When two work and live together they can bring comfort to the lives of each other. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Better a handful with quietness than both hands full, together with toil and grasping for the wind, . Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. Ecclesiastes 4:3: Ecclesiastes 4: Ecclesiastes 4:5 . He has enough for his calling, for his family, but he has not enough for his eyes. premise shows the moral necessity of an afterlife and a coming judgment. (Verse 4-6.) Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. Ecclesiastes: Bible Study and Commentary. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Covetousness gathers strength by time and habit; men tottering on the brink of the grave, grow more grasping and griping. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. If he knew and accepted what happened to the unrighteous dead, he would never say such a thing. Yet it wasn’t the success of their neighbor that made them waste away; the foolish, lazy man. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Ecclesiastes. American King James Version ×; Ecclesiastes 4:7 Ecclesiastes 4:7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. : Solomon thought of a second young man, who rose out of misfortune and obscurity to achieve great wealth, status, and fame (, there was no end of all the people over whom he was made king, Yet those who come afterward will not rejoice in him, : As Solomon thought of this young man who achieved much and became famous, he understood that the fame would be short-lived. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Oppression by using false weights and measures (Hosea 12:7). Yet even the one with full hands must learn contentment. 4:13; 9:15[twice],16) and means "a poor man." It is yet another of our human anticlimaxes and ultimately empty achievements.” (Kidner), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Though one may be overpowered by another, two can withstand him. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Ecc 4:9 “wage.” The word “wage” is used in a broader sense than just the wages paid for work, but any “wage” or benefit one gets from work. 1. than to have more and constantly be grasping for further success. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. (1) The comfortless oppression of man under the sun. The Book of Ecclesiastes Explained. : In a good partnership, two can accomplish more than each one individually. Sometimes the Teacher talks about these things. I made me great works; literally, I made great my works; Septuagint, Ἐμεγάλυνα ποίημά per; Vulgate, Magnificavi opera mea. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. This common jealousy of success made life seem like, i. 4:13 "poor" This Hebrew term (BDB 587) is found only four times in Ecclesiastes (cf. C. H. Spurgeon said of this work, "Thoroughly exegetical, with excellent , scopes of argument' following each division; to be purchased if found:' An excellent work. And if one prevails against him, two will be able to withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. Yet there is no end to all his labors, nor is his eye satisfied with riches. no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort ( Isa 53:7). They assist each other by encouragement, or friendly reproof. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, this commentary has been valued for generations and consulted by Bible scholars everywhere Leaving this life of self-indulgence, he takes to art and culture, the details being drawn from the accounts of the historical Solomon. Ecclesiastes 4:4-8 records Solomon's analysis of four types of workers. 3. Ecclesiastes 4 – Bittersweet Accomplishments A. Miseries from oppression. (9-12) the changes of royalty. Than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more. Ecclesiastes; or the Preacher Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 4 Ecc 4:1-16. Yet it is possible that, in the context of marriage and family, Solomon had children in mind with the picture of a threefold cord. Oppression of the poor by other poor people (Proverbs 28:3). Even the dead were once alive and had to see, iii. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. 2. How to have a worthwhile life. The advantages of mutual assistance. : The Preacher begins this section with a proverb, observing that it is better to be poor and wise (and young!) Princes see themselves slighted by those they have studied to oblige; this is vanity and vexation of spirit. In all things union tends to success and safety, but above all, the union of Christians. Moderate pains and gains do best. 2. Ecclesiastes 10:4 - If the ruler's temper rises against you, do not abandon your position, because composure allays great offenses. This too is vanity and striving after wind. Commentary Read Ecclesiastes 4:1-3 Verse 1-3 — It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. "If two lie together, then they have warmth" (Ecclesiastes 4:11). and will begin to state the reasons why this is true. (2-3) Because of oppression and sadness, man is better off dead. 4. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible.