developed in Europe alongside the Arts & Crafts movement. In addition to hearkening back to the religiosity and traditionalism of the Middle Ages, furniture made in the Gothic Revival style also fed into nostalgic ideas about the romance and chivalry of medieval Britain. Developments closer to England also played an important role, with Irish furniture makers emphasizing the significance of sophisticated, hand-carved designs. One of the best ways to identify an antique style is by observing the piece’s legs and feet. Identifying Antique Furniture Foot Styles, 5 Revival Furniture Styles Popular With Victorians, 11 Antique Couch, Sofa, and Settee Styles, Overview of the Chippendale Furniture Style, How to Identify Sheraton Style Antique Furniture, What Rococo Means in Relation to Antique Furniture, All About Antique Fainting Couches and Daybeds, How to Identify and Price Chippendale Furniture. When used with Chippendale furniture, the cabriole leg commonly terminates with a ball and claw foot. 17th century Carolean Carved Walnut Ceremonial Chair, circa 1670, offered via Sheppards on June 28, 2016. What are the Different Types of Furniture Styles - Duration: 1:46. Left: George III Rococo pierced giltwood girandole mirror, sold for $6,000 via Ahlers & Ogletree on June 26, 2016. Geographic origin: Britain, mainland Europe, United States Key designers: William Morris, Augustus Pugin, Christopher Dresser. Designer Thomas Chippendale rose to prominence during the period, which was identified by straight forms with intricate low-relief ornamentation. Right: Edwardian Hepplewhite style sofa, circa 1910, on offer for $2,400 via Spurgeon Lewis Antiques. Furniture made in this style varies significantly, although common features include elongated and curvy lines, stylized flowers and other organic forms, dark woods, and eye-catching decorative materials, such as semi-precious stones, stained glass, reflective shells, and gold leaf. Along with a new ruler, the Edwardian era ushered in new trends in design. A good place to start when identifying furniture is often to figure out what period it's from. Left: Queen Anne walnut side chair, English, early 18th century, $300 – $500 via Freeman’s on July 12, 2017. $3900 via Spurgeon Lewis Antiques. To help understand what defines each period, here are some of the major design elements for each period. Geographic origin: France, Europe How to Furnish in Mid-Century Modern Style . The saber style is a type of splayed furniture leg flaring out in a concave shape like a saber or curved sword. Decorative elements, such as floral details, finials, heraldic motifs, and linenfold designs, frequently adorned the objects’ surfaces. Geographic origin: England. Home Decor. Materials: bamboo, wicker How to identify Ercol Furniture . Left: Art Nouveau carved fruitwood fire surround, sold for $30,000 via Sotheby’s on December 14, 2016. The style, which favored a return to handcrafted artisanship and folk styles of decoration, was strongly influenced by philosophical and artistic developments in Britain. What Paint Finish For Furniture 7 painted furniture trends: Trending Painting Techniques. British furniture made in the Arts and Crafts style typically featured rectilinear and angular forms and pared down, stylized motifs evocative of medieval, Islamic, and Japanese design. Close examination of the furniture’s construction can indicate if it’s a real antique. Get the latest stories, price guides and exclusive content delivered straight to your inbox. Materials: dark woods, stained glass, abalone, varnishes and veneers In Scotland, influential figures such as Christopher Dresser contributed to the flowering of the Glasgow style, which incorporated elements of the Celtic Revival into the Arts and Crafts movement. While the two styles have much in common, like an interest in organic forms and handmade artisanship, Art Nouveau was considered more luxurious and decorative. Use this guide to learn how to identify the different styles. Use this guide to learn how to identify the different styles. Look at the piece’s feet. William of Orange appreciated French design, and its influence is felt in the decoration of the furniture. Right: Jacobean Style Cabinet, offered via Sloans & Kenyon on July 25, 2009. British designers (Robert Adam, for example) often looked to contemporary developments in Paris and Rome when creating furniture pieces for British consumers. The Rococo aesthetic first became popular in France in the early- to mid-18th century, during which time there was a push toward asymmetrical, free-flowing designs. Dating from antiquity—examples have been found on Greek klismos chairs—it underwent a revival among late 18th-century designers such as Sheraton and flourished in Regency and Empire furniture. The feet of Chippendale furniture ordinarily showcase a handful of feet styles, but they are often bulbous in design when compared to the style of the furniture’s legs. Identify furniture styles, Furniture styles vary widely political activity heavily influenced early mid century style seen two dominant french american empire victorian reigned over last half. View our, 15 British Furniture Styles You Should Know, British furniture is widely collected today for its elegant appearance and important ties to British history, culture, and taste. It is commonly associated with Queen Anne and Chippendale styles of antique furniture along with and many reproduction pieces that combine various styles. Elizabethan Oak Withdrawing Table, late 16th/early 17th century, 17th century Carolean Carved Walnut Ceremonial Chair, Queen Anne walnut side chair, English, early 18th century, A matched pair of Georgian mahogany 3 tier dumb waiters, circa 1790, George III Rococo pierced giltwood girandole mirror, Pair of English Gothic Revival side chairs, Neo-Classical console in hazelnut and mahogany, Inlaid Arts & Crafts mahogany bookcase cabinet, Shapland & Petter, Barnstaple, Arts & Crafts mahogany open bookcase, Art Nouveau carved fruitwood fire surround, Art Nouveau period mahogany and marquetry leaded glass paneled display cabinet, Styling Outdoor Spaces with Designer Stephen Block, Why Playfulness and Practicality Rule for this L.A. For perspective, more than 300 cabinetmakers crafted Phyfe-style furniture in the period from 1810 to 1820. Left: Victorian armchair, $675 via The Antique and Artisan Gallery. Materials: walnut, poplar, cherry, maple. Manufacturers often reproduce pieces from other eras, and some styles, like Shaker wood furniture, never really go out of fashion. Direct Identification Methods In this type of furniture leg, a series of rounded channels or grooves are carved vertically into a straight leg at regular intervals. This style of carved furniture leg is characterized by scrolls at the top and the bottom, often spiraling in opposite directions. Nonetheless, there is a wide variety available in today’s market, making British furniture a coveted, customizable addition to virtually any interior space. It is thought to have originated in India, and the style traveled westward across Europe in the mid-17th century to Portugal, Holland, and then England where it flourished from around 1660 to about 1703. To be sure that the item you’re considering for purchase is authentic, a signal marker of the earliest Ercol pieces (from a date of manufacture circa. This term extends to design under Kings George I, George II, and George III. Learn more about a number of different examples of leg styles developed in both Europe and the United States from the Renaissance period to the Empire period. Key designers: Thomas Sheraton. Geographic origin: England This is due in large part to the influence of Chinese, Persian, and other Eastern styles, which contributed to the exotic yet refined decoration of Art Nouveau. While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533, this style of furniture is broadly defined as being created during the Renaissance. How to Identify Duncan Phyfe Furniture. Furniture of the period was decorated with floral marquetry, walnut, and velvet upholstery and included carvings and gilding. It can be round or squared and often gradually tapers. See more ideas about furniture styles, furniture, how to antique wood. Establish value: Many collectors prefer particular eras, styles, and makers, while .. of saving. Leg styles are key not only to the appearance and functionality of pieces, but they can also be used to successfully identify many types of antique furniture. They are sometimes referenced as sabre legs or splayed legs as well. The importation of mahogany from Central and South America led to its replacing walnut as the primary wood in furniture-making during the Georgian era. Jacobean: English style (1640-1700), medieval in appearance with straight lines, rigid designs, sturdy construction, ornate carvings and a dark finish. They typically end in spade feet or no feet. Materials: mahogany, carved wood, wood veneers, paint, and metal inlay If you have an old piece of ercol furniture that you wish to identify, then here is the ideal place to look. Geographic origin: England These are the lion’s paw, the ball and claw, and the club, based on the cabriole shape which is an elegant, serpentine style ending in a distinctive foot. Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. The thin supports enabling swinging out to expand the table easily. Inspired by recent discoveries of ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian artifacts, Regency furniture is characterized by a strict interpretation of archaeological finds, or “pure forms.” Defining features of Regency furniture include flat surfaces, delicately painted and/or veneered wood, metal inlay, and classicizing motifs like rosettes, lion masks, and metal paw feet. Art Nouveau (1890-1910) One key characteristic of the furniture is heavy ornamentation, especially on tables and four poster beds. Update your email preferences at any time. The Marlborough leg typically terminates in a block foot, though can be footless as well. Looking for more antique furniture? Younger than that is usually termed "vintage" or " collectible." Right: Pair of Rococo carved walnut fauteuils, late 18th/early 18th century, $500 – $1,000 via Butterscotch Auction Gallery on July 16, 2017. What Colors Match Brown Furniture. While the Victorian era featured heavy, dark furniture, Edwardian furniture shifted to light or pastel colors and floral designs. Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18. centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. Key designers: Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Arthur Mackmurdo, Aubrey Beardsley, Archibald Knox, and Arthur Silver. A Guide to Furniture Foot Styles When trying to identify a piece of antique furniture, you may begin with the foot. These are also referenced as double scroll legs and S-scroll leg (a variation is when the section between the scrolls is curved). Queen Victoria reigned for 63 years, during which time the Industrial Revolution enabled furniture-makers to produce furniture for the growing middle class championed by the Queen. MODERN. Check for a signature or label from the furniture maker. Elizabethan Oak Withdrawing Table, late 16th/early 17th century, sold via Skinner for $6,150 on July 18, 2015. Key designers: Hubert Gravelot, Thomas Johnson, and Paul de Lamerie. The catalogues also provide a fascinating insight into changes over the decades in style … If the piece has drawers, remove a drawer and look carefully where the front and back of the drawer are fastened to the sides of the drawer. Los Angeles County Museum of Art/Wikimedia Commons/CC0. Left: William and Mary Burl Walnut Chest, 17th century at M.S. Neo-Classical console in hazelnut and mahogany, 18th century, €280 – €380 via Renascimento on July 11, 2017. The contributions of John Ruskin and William Morris in particular were paramount and led to a greater appreciation for manual construction and the creative act of design. These are usually found on a chair, stool, or sofa. Materials: gold and silver embellishments, leather, walnut, velvet. Tables, chairs, dressers, and other pieces were carved with shapes resembling pointed arches and rose windows. In general, British designers and furniture makers stressed the importance of interpreting each style “correctly” and with an eye to balanced proportion and harmony. Materials: oak, walnut, porcelain. Early Colonial 17th century Woods used: Pine; birch, maple, walnut Description: Hybrid of English styles; square lines; solid construction; heavy decoration and carving. Explore. The style, which favored a return to handcrafted artisanship and folk styles of decoration, was strongly influenced by philosophical and artistic developments in Britain. Basic American Furniture Styles. Geographic origin: England Left: A Regency parcel gilt side table, circa 1825, sold for £3,844 via Dreweatts & Bloomsbury on July 7, 2015. Spool turned legs, which look like rounded spools stacked one on top of another, are indicative of Gothic Revival style. Early 17th-century furniture typically featured bun- or ball-style feet. Key designers: Sir William Chambers, James Stuart, Robert Adam, George Hepplewhite, and Thomas Sheraton. William and Mary, 1690-1730: The style is named for the English King William of Orange and his consort, Mary. It was revived yet again in the mid-19th century and used on many Victorian furniture pieces. An antique, by the definition set forth by the United States Customs Service, is something at least 100 years old or more. Furniture legs can provide clues to when a piece was manufactured, especially when considering how they are used in conjunction with foot styles . These are also known as trumpet-turned legs. Right: William and Mary walnut armchair, sold via Sotheby’s for $1,500 on October 17, 2015. The rebirth of the Gothic style coincided with the resurgence of traditional Anglo-Catholic beliefs between the mid-1700s and late 19th century. Spotting Engineered Wood Look at the end grains of the wood to see if there is exposed engineered … Home & Ideas 12,125 views. Some of the most popular furniture, like those known as Art Deco or Mid-Century Modern, aren't considered antiques at all. Left: Inlaid Arts & Crafts mahogany bookcase cabinet, circa 1900, sold for £2,375 via Lyon & Turnbull on October 26, 2016. Antique Furniture .. Pamela is an antique expert and the author of three books on the subject. Styles that inspired Victorian designers include Elizabethan, Rococo, Neoclassical, and more. Geographic origin: Japan, Britain, mainland Europe, North America There are six different basic Chippendale style legs. Geographic origin: France, Britain, Italy, United States They flourished in the later Neoclassical, Regency, and Empire styles that developed around the turn of the 19th century. Concerns about the need to return to social and religious conservatism necessitated stylistic changes that not only affected the art and architecture of the period but also drastically altered the appearance of furniture. When it comes to antique furniture, style is a good indication of the era the piece is from. Spider legs are delicate, thin curved legs, usually extending below a round table top in a group of three or four. Geographic origin: France, Germany, Austria, Britain ... Ways to Identify Genuine Antique Wood Furniture - Duration: 4:05. Furniture. Learn to identify antique furniture. It was also used in the work of Gerrit Jensen who designed pieces for King Charles II. Significant Furniture Design Periods. Chippendale style furniture can be a little harder to spot, so I will point out a few of the easiest things to look for. century, during which time there was a push toward asymmetrical, free-flowing designs. This extremely old style of furniture leg resembles a twisted rope. Need some help with identifying antique furniture? There are many different styles of furniture, … Geographic origin: Britain, United States Identifying a Duncan Phyfe furniture piece is a challenge, even for antique furniture experts. The primary distinguishing factor is that Neo-Classical furniture is less strict in its interpretation of ancient models. Geographic origin: England Decorative elements, such as floral details, finials, heraldic motifs, and linenfold designs, frequently adorned the objects’ surfaces. The double scroll is identified by the rolled the two “rolled” design elements on the leg. Materials: walnut, rosewood, mahogany, velvet Leg and Foot Styles. The contributions of John Ruskin and William Morris in particular were paramount and led to a greater appreciation for manual construction and the creative act of design. The first aspect is the joinery; machine-cut furniture was not produced until about 1860. Mar 20, 2018 - Explore Nancy Cuje's board "Furniture Styles & Identification" on Pinterest. She's written over 400 articles on antique collecting for The Spruce Crafts. Left: Jacobean style needlepoint armchair, sold via Pook and Pook for $213 on September 13, 2012. Sprial legs are sometimes referenced as spiral-twist or barley-twist (especially in England). Right: Set of four Regency chairs, circa 1815. Left: Edwardian eight-light chandelier, circa 1900, on offer for $1,500 via Spurgeon Lewis Antiques. Learn to identify antique furniture for refinishing.. How To Identify Different Styles Of Antique Furniture. This is a type of turned furniture leg, fairly thick with multiple curves, flares upward and outward from a narrow base to actually resemble an upturned trumpet. Known in France as the French Empire style, the Regency style coincided with the reign of King George IV of Great Britain. The evolution of the style is visible in the details of Gothic Revival objects – earlier pieces are more whimsical and delicate, whereas later examples are more boldly carved and colorful. Like its art, Rococo furniture was influenced by nature and characterized by playful designs including acanthus leaves, S- and C-scrolls, and decorative borders. These legs are especially characteristic of Restoration and William and Mary furniture, but they enjoyed a comeback 100 years later in late Empire and Federal pieces. A matched pair of Georgian mahogany 3 tier dumb waiters, circa 1790, sold via Gormleys Auctions for £650 on June 12, 2012. Materials: oak, pine, porcelain, mother-of-pearl. Key designers: Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite, Robert Adam. While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533,… To identify the furniture style, you match the specific attributes of your furniture to the attributes shown in the Furniture Styles application. Links within each description lead to more information on styles, periods, and types of antique furniture. Its use in England was limited but notable, as the style’s distinct geometrical lines and decorative flourishes make pieces immediately recognizable. Once you have finished, the App matches the selected attributes to their usage in nineteen historical furniture styles. Concerns about the need to return to social and religious conservatism necessitated stylistic changes that not only affected the art and architecture of the period but also drastically altered the appearance of furniture. Finding an antique piece of Stickley furniture today is akin to winning the lottery. The style was popular between 1840 and 1880. Key designers: John Ruskin, William Morris, Philip Webb, Arthur Mackmurdo, and Christopher Dresser. Article from mandmsq.hubpages.com. Whether it's worth saving depends on its style and construction. Each piece exemplifies the harmony of utility with the pure classical forms popular in Britain at the time. In Queen Anne examples, the pad foot was popular, but other foot styles were used with these legs as well. The following criteria will help you determine if your old furniture is an American-made antique. Cabriole refers to a popular furniture leg with the knee curving outward and the ankle curving inward terminating in an ornamental foot. And that can help you surround yourself with even more of what you love. It is similar to a reeded leg, except that fluted channels are concave (compared to convex or raised). Some versions are slightly tapered. Materials: mahogany, walnut, oak, ash, elm, beech, and marble inlay Furniture styles can be determined by careful study and remembering what design elements each one embraces. Familiarity With Antique Styles. American Empire furniture legs often end in brass, claw-shaped feet. Tables, chairs, dressers, and other pieces were carved with shapes resembling pointed arches and rose windows. The fluted leg was modeled after ancient Greek columns, and it flourished in the Neoclassical styles of the second half of the 18th century such as Hepplewhite along with 19th-century Classical Revival styles. For the antiques collector, identifying antique furniture is one of the most. Make sure the piece is in proportion. Early American: Modelled after European furniture styles (1640-1700), particularly from England, France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Spain. British Neo-Classical furniture is similar to Regency furniture, as both styles rely heavily upon influences from ancient Greece and Rome. This variation dates from the early 18th century and often ends in pad feet. Furniture legs can provide clues to when a piece was manufactured, especially when considering how they are used in conjunction with foot styles. Below, explore some of the most popular British furniture styles and movements, from the 16th to 20th centuries. If the label is instead a circular gold print, this likely indicates that it is from the late 1970s – early 1990s. Right: Victorian brass and marble pedestal, sold for €420 via Sheppards on June 27, 2017. Geographic origin: England Explore hundreds of examples from centuries past, available from Susan Silver Antiques, Spurgeon Lewis Antiques, Nicolo Melissa Antiques, and more. The furniture is known to be more practical than comfortable, using mainly oak and pine. Identify what kind of wood your desk is. Key designers: A.W.N. Key designers: Thomas Hope, Thomas Sheraton, and George Smith. Furthermore, each piece was made so it would fit seamlessly within any interior space devoted to the Regency style. Popular British furniture movements and their approximate date ranges include: The name for this style is derived from the French word “rocaille,” meaning “shell” or “rock;” indeed, rock and broken shell motifs are defining features of the style. Fellow furniture enthusiasts: here is a quick run-down of some furniture leg style and their names. This type of furniture leg, in which a series of rounded ridges or grooves are carved vertically at regular intervals, is modeled after ancient Greek and Roman motifs. These are similar to fluted legs, except that the reeds are convex (as opposed to concave). Both types of spider legs remain enduringly popular to the present. While it encompassed many styles and designers (including the Arts & Crafts movement), Victorian furniture was often heavy and big. Learn to identify antique furniture. Despite international influences, furniture pieces produced in Britain have always stood apart from their counterparts made in mainland Europe, North America, and Asia. Materials: walnut, maple. Its elaborate decoration encourages viewers to gaze upon Rococo furniture with wandering eyes, reveling in the seemingly unbridled patterns adorning the objects. Materials: dark woods, velvet and leather upholstery The task of identifying French furniture that’s often two hundred years old can be daunting though. This is a straight, square, substantial furniture leg that is usually plain, but sometimes has fluted carving. Jan 19, 2015 - There are many different types of antique chairs, and each has a unique appearance. It was developed in the second half of the 17th century and is featured in late Baroque furniture styles such as Restoration and William and Mary. early 1950s – mid 1970s) is the characteristic blue-and-silver Ercol label, which is typically small and square. The Rococo aesthetic first became popular in France in the early- to mid-18. Rudimentary utilitarian furniture made from local woods. Rau Antiques. Walnut and maple were heavily used, and designs were thinner and more embellished than in previous reigns. The Arts and Crafts style was an international movement that pushed against the heavy industrialization of the late 19. centuries. The Arts and Crafts style was an international movement that pushed against the heavy industrialization of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Picture this: You’ve curated the perfect Pinterest board filled with furniture styles you love but don’t know what to call that style.Our quick guide to traditional furniture styles and contemporary design can help you put a name to your favorites. They were often made to complement a Neo-Classical interior space, resulting in an overarching aesthetic marked by clean lines, elegant forms, and sophisticated details reminiscent of ancient splendor. Curved lines and minimal ornamentation are known characteristics of the Queen Anne style, sometimes known as “Late Baroque.” The furniture designs began to evolve during the reign of William III, but the term generally applies to pieces popular during and after Queen Anne’s reign (1702-1714). Right: Queen Anne lowboy, 18h century, $400 – $700 via DuMouchelles on July 16, 2017. Geographic origin: France, Britain It continued to be lighter and more designed than previous eras, featuring curved shapes, cabriole legs, cushioned seats, and padded feet, but ornamentation is minimal. Furniture Leg Glossary. Spider legs can also be slim, straight legs found on gatefold tables. King Charles II ascended to the throne after a period of monarchical upheaval in England, bringing with him French and Dutch Baroque inspiration from his time in exile. While the two styles have much in common, like an interest in organic forms and handmade artisanship, Art Nouveau was considered more luxurious and decorative. Leg styles are key not only to the appearance and functionality of pieces, but they can also be used to successfully identify many types of antique furniture. Lion paws, ball-and-claw and wide padded bottoms are sure indicators that an antique piece of furniture is in the Chippendale style — especially if the wood is dark in color. There are several things to look for when examining a piece of furniture that help to identify it as an antique. It is typical of Baroque styles, especially English Restoration and William and Mary, and usually appears in accent tables, highboys, and lowboys with the legs connected by a serpentine stretcher. How to Identify Stickley Brothers Furniture. Pair of English Gothic Revival side chairs, 19th century, $200 – $400 via Garth’s Auctioneers & Appraisers. The rebirth of the Gothic style coincided with the resurgence of traditional Anglo-Catholic beliefs between the mid-1700s and late 19. century. There are over a dozen common furniture foot styles that can help you determine the approximate age and style of a chair, dining table, or chest. The ability to determine the age of antique furniture is a great skill.. The objects are typically more extravagant than Regency pieces, but they still favor straight lines, twisted fluting, and classicizing motifs. The popularity of reeded legs surpassed those of fluted legs as the 18th century gave way to the 19th century. These legs are typical of mid-18th century English and American furniture and are often featured in later Chippendale styles, especially chairs, tables (as shown here), sofas, and bedsteads. Unfortunately, identifying the style of a piece of furniture won't help you determine if it's an antique. From fine wine to fine furniture, from the Eiffel Tower to the fields of Provence, the people of France surround themselves with art and furniture that spans hundreds of years of impeccable style. Geographic origin: England Right: Art Nouveau period mahogany and marquetry leaded glass paneled display cabinet, offered via Sheppards on September 1, 2015. British furniture is widely collected today for its elegant appearance and important ties to British history, culture, and taste. Always useful to know the name of the leg instead of saying….’yeah, i like the piece with the thingamajiggy leg!’ Right: Shapland & Petter, Barnstaple, Arts & Crafts mahogany open bookcase, circa 1905, sold for £10,000 via Lyon & Turnbull on October 26, 2016. Art Deco began in Paris in the 1920s and quickly spread across Europe. In London, the popularity of the Liberty Department, which made shopping for furniture appealing and accessible to consumers, reflected growing demands to fill entire interiors with Art Nouveau pieces. Pugin, John Ruskin, and William Burges. May 1, 2014 - When you want to refinish old wooden furniture, the best place to look is the family attic, basement, or garage. The top is often capped with a dome, and the end often terminates in a ball foot, bun foot, or Spanish foot. On the other hand, British Rococo pieces represent a concerted attempt to produce less extravagant forms than those found in movement furniture from France or Italy. Seemingly unbridled patterns adorning the objects ’ surfaces to see the large full! Be round or squared and often gradually tapers elizabethan oak Withdrawing table, circa 1910, on offer for 6,150. - Duration: 4:05 design and construction 7 painted furniture trends: Painting. 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